Patanjali details the forms of gunas,
Vishesh: particular, specific
Avishesh: generic, non-specific
Lingamaatra: intellect or buddhi, mark alone
Alingaani: without marks, said of the un-manifest
Guna: the three gunas of satva, rajas and tamas
Parvaani: phases, forms
Vishesh, avishesh, lingmaatra and alinga are the various forms of gunas.
Vishesh – the five elements (earth, water, fire, air and ether), five sense organs (eyes, ears, nose, tongue and skin), five motor-organs (hands, legs and sexual organ) and the mind are called vishesh.
Avishesh – the five objects of senses (light/sight, sounds, smell, taste and touch) along with the ego are called avishesh.
Lingmaatra – intellect or budhhi, which is at the root of the 22 elements listed above is called lingmaatra.
Alinga – the elemental or balanced state of three gunas, which gives rise to the intellect, which is described as avyakt or un-manifest is alinga.
The three gunas residing in the above four states are termed as drishya.
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