31: Dukh daurmanasya angamevajayatva
Dukh: Pain (physical or mental)
Angamejayatva: Tremor in the body, inability to sit still
Sah bhuva: Happen alongside
Patanjali now details other hindrances which come along with previously mentioned distractions,
Other obstructions accompany the distractions detailed in previous sutra, these are, pain, grief, inability to sit still and non-cessation of breath.
Dukh – Because the mind is distracted, it attaches itself to the unreal, and experiences pain and pleasure, which further derail the sadhak from the path of sadhna.
Daurmanasya – The grief and depression which engulf a being owing to non-fulfillment of desires (which are again unreal) further do not let him/her progress on the path of sadhna.
Angamevjayatva – Yog as described by Patanjali is the stilling of the vrittis of chitta, stilling of bodily movements (including movement of eyeballs) is the first step, when the mind is distracted this is not achievable and there is movement in one or the other part of the body.
Shvasaprashvasa – Our breath too is a distraction, which brings our awareness back to the body and surroundings. In states of dhyan, there is natural cessation of breath as the being draws prana from subtler sources. This is unachievable in a distracted state.
32: Tat pratishedhaartham ekatatvaabhyaasah
Tat: Those (obstacles)
Artham: For the purpose of
Patanjali now tells the process to overcome the above mentioned additional hindrances,
For the removal of those obstacles, one pointed focus is required.
Human mind can only think of and do one thing at any given point of time. Ayurveda also says that at one point of time only one of our senses is active. They alternate so fast that we cannot make out…Our body is programmed to achieve whatever it wants, provided it is one thing. Words like ekagrata, ek tatva nirantar abhyas, bhumadhya, all indicate that the path to success is one-pointed focus. As one stills him/herself on one thing, all the obstacles will wither away and then, in that one thing (whatever it might be), you will get the darshan of the ultimate.