also known as ‘sarso’ or ‘rai’ in Hindi, belong to the mustard plant which is part of cruciferous plant family. This same family of plant includes cabbage, brussels sprouts, broccoli and even cauliflower. They are available in white, brown and black varieties and are used by people all over the world. Packed with nutrients, the mustard seeds not only lend flavour to your food, but also have medicinal applications dating back to the time of Hippocrates.
Here are some reasons why you should include mustard seeds in your diet
• The glucosinolates and myrosinase compounds present in mustard seeds are known to prevent the growth of cancer-causing cells in the body.
• They are good for heart health as they help in reducing blood pressure, raising HDL (‘good’) cholesterol levels, and reducing arterial plaque and inlammation.
• Mustard seeds are effective for psoriasis and critical inlammatory autoimmune diseases.
• They are helpful for therapeutic healing in contact dermatitis.
• They have anti-bacterial properties that are helpful for treating laceration which is produced by ringworm.
• Mustard seeds are beneicial for women during menopausal period and also aid in lowering the risk of osteoporosis in old women.
• They are packed with magnesium that soothes our nerve system and relieves the pain and strain in different parts of body. Mustard also provides pain relief effects in paralysis of limbs, spasms, back pain and other muscle problems like stiff or sore muscles
• Mustard seeds are a good source of dietary fibres that improve digestion in the body.
• They strengthen bones, teeth, and gums and their antioxidant and anti-inflammatory properties help in relieving pain in them.
• The selenium and magnesium content in mustard seeds help in providing relief from rheumatic arthritis.
• The seeds hydrate your skin, remove all the impurities and protect your skin from acne whereas mustard oil which is loaded with vitamin E, helps reduce fine lines and wrinkles, and acts as a sunscreen. Mix some of the mustard seeds with aloe vera gel and honey and then apply the same on your face and skin to hydrate it in the desired manner.
• Mustard seeds are packed with protein, calcium, vitamin A and E, omega-3, and omega-6 fatty acids, which help strengthen hair from within and condition them.
• Mustard seeds have soothing effects in treatment for cold and flu problems and act as a decongestant.
How to have mustard seeds
You can add mustard seeds in your food or can even use mustard oil for cooking. You can also add mustard seeds in your salad dressing, pickles or chutneys. Mustard seeds can be steeped in warm milk, whisked into salad dressings, ground, sprinkled into warm meals, or soaked and used to make mustard paste. Mustard seeds
are also used in preparation of south-Indian dishes.
1. Cabbage with mustard seeds:
• Chop some cabbage and onions.
• Heat some oil. Sprinkle mustard seeds all over and cover the lid immediately.
• Wait till the seeds settle down and stop spluttering or popping.
• Now add cabbage and onions. Heat it on a medium lame.
2. Mustard seeds rice:
• Boil some rice.
• Right before serving, temper a little ghee in a pan, add yellow, white and brown mustard seeds.
• Add some cumin seeds.
• Once they start to splutter, add rice and serve immediately.
• Mustard seeds will add a new lavour to the rice.
• Serve it hot with other vegetables, curry or dal.
3. Mustard seeds dip sauce:
• Add mustard seeds, honey and few other seasonings of your choice together.
• This would make for a pungent yet sweet tasting dip.